Contemporary dance history
Recognized worldwide after 1st World War and the bearer of an important function: communication.
According to most, this dance is defined more by what it isn't than by what it is. The dynamics of the body comes from the energy of the person, making the movement to reach each body segment. The space is used as a natural way of expression through every gesture and dynamics of the movement .
Very influenced by many styles. It was developed during the nineteenth century in America and Europe, all but one of them remains in modern dance today: freedom.
It was not only developed in a vertical position,it is so varied that you can use different positions and levels. The way this happens is always characterized by the simplicity and elegance of its technique.
Its history can be defined into three periods:
• 1900: A period marked by the free movements of the dancers, who sought to give the dance a more communicative sense, relying on older sources of inspiration to the West.
• 1930: In this second period a wave of modern dancers started in New York. To which the source of the movement was more internal than external, using natural actions such as breathing or walking.
• 1945: This period began at the end of World War II and still has validity. It merged techniques from the social dance, ballet and modern dance.
Isadora Duncan (1877-1927)
Ruth Saint Denis (1879-1968)
Paragraph written by Ruth St. Denis in the unpublished book The Divine Dance (1933)
Very Inspired by the world and eastern Asia. In their work, in group or solo, often resorted to masks.
The four basic aspects of the dance of M. Wigman are: expressionism, space, dance without music and the principle of tension-relaxation.
Martha Graham 1894 - 1991
With a technique based on relaxation and contraction of the breath (inhale and exhale). According to its design, dance, drama and spoken, should explore the spiritual and emotional essence of being human.
Doris Humphrey (1895-1958)
José Limón (1908-1972)
Merce Cunningham 1919